Psychotherapy varies depending on the personalities of the psychologist and patient. A therapeutic relationship provides an opportunity for self-reflection in the presence of a supportive listener. This leads to taking emotional risks in relationships and the prospect for relating in a new way.

I have worked with a wide range of humanity, including; traumatic relationship and work endings, death of a loved one, oppressive situations, crushing anxiety, shame over a secret or one's identity, or the terror that long-ago abuse or trauma still brings to the present. Life circumstances and expectations of one's self can interfere with self-acceptance, and leads to blocks that get expressed as anxiety, depression, and work or relationship issues. The therapeutic process can assist in short-term relief or long-term resolution, a more authentic self, and the prospect of a richer or better life.

Many people feel they should be self-sufficient and are afraid or ashamed of depending on others. One may give up their needs or act in compulsive ways to hold on to a sense of them-self or to preserve a relationship. This can be harmful to the self. One may unconsciously bury or wall-off parts of them self. In therapy, these parts can be rediscovered or discovered for the first time. Psychotherapy provides an environment where one can access hidden or frozen feelings, which often leads to better relationships, solutions to specific problems, and significant reductions in feelings of distress. 

Specialization: psychodynamic psychotherapy and psychoanalysis 

  • anxiety, stress, and panic
  • depression and mood swings
  • obsessions and rumination
  • compulsions: substances, food, porn, sex...
  • sexual orientation concerns
  • gender or identity concerns
  • artistic expression and creativity
  • grief, bereavement, and loss
  • intimacy and sexual concerns
  • abuse and trauma

The efficacy of psychodynamic psychotherapy 2010 [pdf] 

By Jonathan Shedler, Ph.D.

"Hailed as a contemporary classic and studied in clinical training programs around the world, this is the paper that firmly established psychodynamic therapy as an evidence-based treatment" (American Psychologist, American Psychological Association)

  • Empirical evidence supports the efficacy of psychodynamic psychotherapy
  • Patients who receive psychodynamic therapy maintain therapeutic gains and appear to continue to improve after treatment ends.
  • The perception that psychodynamic approaches lack empirical support does not accord with available scientific evidence and may reflect selective dissemination of research. 

Where is the evidence for “evidence-based” therapy? 2017 [pdf] 

By Jonathan Shedler, Ph.D.

  • The term evidence-based therapy has become a de facto code word for manualized therapy—most often brief, highly scripted forms of cognitive behavior therapy. 
  • It is widely asserted that “evidence-based” therapies are scientifically proven and superior to other forms of psychotherapy. Empirical research does not support these claims.
  • Empirical research shows that “evidence-based” therapies are weak treatments. Their benefits are trivial, few patients get well, and even the trivial benefits do not last.
  • Troubling research practices paint a misleading picture of the actual benefits of “evidence-based” therapies, including sham control groups, cherry-picked patient samples, and suppression of negative findings.


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